By Thomas D Boston
This quantity isolates the reason for carrying on with disparities not just among blacks and whites, yet among blacks in addition. Key elements mentioned comprise the present kingdom of the economic climate the impact of public regulations, the patience of city poverty, fiscal possibilities, adjustments in family members and social constitution and equivalent possibilities. town of Atlanta is used as a case learn concentrating on the emergence of the hot black entrepreneur, with facts on black companies drawn from documents of virtually one thousand black owned organisations.
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Extra resources for Affirmative Action and Black Entrepreneurship
These same threats have prompted other agencies to indefinitely postpone implementing the recommendations of disparity studies. Many others now believe it is futile to even commission a study. Millions of dollars have been paid to consultants for these studies. But the lack of objective-detailed directions from the Supreme Court and inconsistent findings among lower courts has made disparity studies expensive and usually indefensible in the face of a legal challenge. Given the broad guidelines provided by the Supreme Court and the varying interpretations of lower courts, strict scrutiny has become a bed of quicksand for affirmative action programs.
Despite the growing legal assaults on affirmative action, less than one in four Americans believe affirmative action programs should be eliminated. 22 In fact, 60 percent of whites, 67 percent of blacks and 56 percent of men say affirmative action programs are good. Conclusion Unless the evidence required to meet strict scrutiny is specified in more detail, the end of affirmative action at the federal, state and local levels may occur. This will have dire consequences for many black-owned businesses.
Second, the uncertainty over the appropriate evidence, along with the absence of a standard measure of cost, led to a situation whereby the very extensive Atlanta Disparity Study, completed in 1990 and supervised by economists Andrew Brimmer and Ray Marshall, set the initial methodology and market price. The Atlanta Study grew out of unique circumstances that were not present at other locations. Commissioned at over one-half-million dollars, this study covered contracting and procurement in the City of Atlanta 39 STRICT SCRUTINY and Fulton County.
Affirmative Action and Black Entrepreneurship by Thomas D Boston
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