By Mitsuo Niinomi, Takayuki Narushima, Masaaki Nakai

ISBN-10: 3662468352

ISBN-13: 9783662468357

ISBN-10: 3662468360

ISBN-13: 9783662468364

This publication experiences basic advances within the use of metal biomaterials to reconstruct not easy tissues and blood vessels. It additionally covers the most recent advances in consultant steel biomaterials, similar to stainless steels, Co-Cr alloys, titanium and its alloys, zirconium, tantalum and niobium established alloys. additionally, the newest findings on corrosion, cytotoxic and allergic difficulties as a result of metal biomaterials are brought. The ebook bargains a worthwhile reference resource for researchers, graduate scholars and clinicians operating within the fields of fabrics, surgical procedure, dentistry, and mechanics.

Mitsuo Niinomi, PhD, D.D.Sc., is a Professor on the Institute for fabrics examine, Tohoku college, Japan.

Takayuki Narushima, PhD, is a Professor on the division of fabrics Processing, Tohoku collage, Japan.

Masaaki Nakai, PhD, is an affiliate Professor on the Institute for fabrics study, Tohoku college, Japan.

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Additional info for Advances in Metallic Biomaterials: Tissues, Materials and Biological Reactions

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Three-dimensional joint contact distribution has been also evaluated using MRI, voxel-based registration, and proximity mapping [35, 36] (Fig. 21). 50 T. Sakai Fig. 2 Arthroplasty Terminal stage of osteoarthritis is generally treated using arthroplasty. In vivo kinematics of total knee arthroplasty [37–41] and total hip arthroplasty have been reported [42, 43] using image-matching technique and two-dimensional/threedimensional registration technique (Fig. 22). References 1. Herbert-Blouin MN, Tubbs RS, Carmichael SW, Spinner RJ (2014) Hilton’s law revisited.

On the other hand, the amphiarthrodial joint where the bone is connected with the fibrocartilage is symphysis, such as symphysis pubis. The intervertebral disc is a fibrocartilaginous 2 Joint: Normal Anatomy, Function, and Pathological Condition 33 complex that forms the articulation between the vertebral bodies. The intervertebral disc can be divided into two components: an outermost fibrous ring, annulus fibrosus, and within a gelatinous core, nucleus pulposus. 3 Diarthrodial Joint/Synovial Joint The diarthrodial joint is the most common joint which is cavitated to form a freely movable connecting unit between two bones.

22). 6 Summary In this chapter, bone structure was described as hierarchical, and anisotropic tissues were shown to be composed primarily of BAp/collagen. Load support, one of the important functions of bone, is regulated by microstructural anisotropy, including prior orientation of the BAp/collagen. Therefore, the development of a biomaterial considering only BMD and bone mass is insufficient. Bone tissue homeostasis is generally maintained, and bone remodeling progresses due to osteoblasts that form Cell orientation angle (degree) -90 -70 -50 -30 -10 10 30 50 70 90 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Cell orientation angle (degree) -90 -70 -50 -30 -10 10 30 50 70 90 50 µm Appearance frequency (%) Appearance frequency (%) Appearance frequency (%) 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 50 µm Cell orientation angle (degree) 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 50 µm osteoblast 10% strain Cell orientation angle (degree) -90 -70 -50 -30 -10 10 30 50 70 90 Slip trace -90 -70 -50 -30 -10 10 30 50 70 90 5% strain Fig.

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Advances in Metallic Biomaterials: Tissues, Materials and Biological Reactions by Mitsuo Niinomi, Takayuki Narushima, Masaaki Nakai

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