By U.C. Mohanty, Sundararaman.G. Gopalakrishnan

ISBN-10: 9402408940

ISBN-13: 9789402408942

ISBN-10: 9402408959

ISBN-13: 9789402408959

ISBN-10: 9402408967

ISBN-13: 9789402408966

This e-book offers essentially with tracking, prediction and realizing of Tropical Cyclones (TCs). It was once expected to function a educating and reference source at universities and educational associations for researchers and post-graduate scholars. it's been designed to supply a huge outlook on contemporary advances in observations, assimilation and modeling of TCs with designated and complex details on genesis, intensification, circulation and hurricane surge prediction. in particular, it makes a speciality of (i) cutting-edge observations for advancing TC examine, (ii) advances in numerical climate prediction for TCs, (iii) complex assimilation and vortex initialization strategies, (iv) ocean coupling, (v) present features to foretell TCs, and (vi) complicated learn in actual and dynamical tactics in TCs. The chapters within the e-book are authored through top foreign specialists from educational, examine and operational environments. The publication is additionally anticipated to stimulate severe pondering for cyclone forecasters and researchers, managers, coverage makers, and graduate and post-graduate scholars to hold out destiny examine within the box of TCs.

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Analysis of near-surface thermodynamic observations from dropwindsondes and AXBT data defined the structure of the air-sea interface in the TC. Instruments developed for the P-3s, such as SFMR and the GPS dropwindsonde, provided important documentation of TC structure for research. In addition, such instrumentation became integral to the TC warning process. Both instruments are installed on operational TC reconnaissance aircraft to aid in the warning process. Analysis of data from airborne oceanic expendables released by the P-3s aided the description of the feedback between the temperature structure of the upper-ocean and TC intensity.

Wind scatterometer is the only device that can provide ocean surface wind vectors. The operating frequencies of these scatterometers range from 5 to 14 GHz. The physical basis for the measurement technique is the Bragg scattering of microwave energy from centimetre length capillary waves of the oceans created by the action of the surface winds. The strength of the radar backscatter is proportional to the capillary wave amplitude, which is assumed to be in equilibrium with the wind friction speed u*.

685. P. D. Eastin, 2001: Two distinct regimes in the kinematic and thermodynamic structure of the hurricane eye and eyewall. J. Atmos. , 58, 1079–1090. A. D. Marks and J. Gamache, 2010: Estimation and Mapping of Hurricane Turbulent Energy Using Airborne Doppler Measurements. Mon. Wea. , 138, 3656–3670. L. F. Michaels, 2000: Severe storms and the insurance industry. Storms, Vol. A. Pielke Jr. A. Pielke Sr. (Eds), Routledge Press, 54–69. , 2003: State of the Science: Radar View of Tropical Cyclones.

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Advanced Numerical Modeling and Data Assimilation Techniques for Tropical Cyclone Prediction by U.C. Mohanty, Sundararaman.G. Gopalakrishnan

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