By Michael A. Arbib
Reflect neurons could carry the brain's key to social interplay - every one coding not just a selected motion or emotion but additionally the popularity of that motion or emotion in others. The replicate approach speculation provides an evolutionary arrow to the tale - from the replicate approach for hand activities, shared with monkeys and chimpanzees, to the uniquely human reflect method for language. during this available 2006 quantity, specialists from baby improvement, laptop technology, linguistics, neuroscience, primatology and robotics current and examine the reflect process and convey how stories of motion and language can light up one another. issues mentioned within the fifteen chapters contain: what do chimpanzees and people have in universal? Does the human potential for language relaxation on mind mechanisms shared with different animals? How do human babies collect language? What will be realized from imaging the human mind? How are signal- and spoken-language comparable? Will robots discover ways to act and communicate like people?
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Extra resources for Action to Language via the Mirror Neuron System
By contrast, in pantomime, the observer sees the movement in isolation and infers (a) what non-hand movement is being mimicked by the hand movement, and (b) the goal or object of the action. This is an evolutionary change of key relevance to language readiness. The very structure of these sequences can serve as the basis for immediate imitation or for the immediate construction of an appropriate response, as well as contributing to the longer-term enrichment of experience. , sequentially, or by modulation of some kind) the original pantomime to disambiguate which of its associated meanings was intended.
Nonetheless, WL was able to produce stretches of pantomime and tended to substitute pantomimes for signs, even when the pantomime required more complex movement. Emmorey (2002) sees such data as providing neurological evidence that signed languages consist of linguistic gestures and not simply elaborate pantomimes (see also Emmorey, this volume). Consistent with this, I would argue that the evolution of neural systems involving Broca’s area is adequate bilaterally to support conventionalized gestures when these are to be used in isolation.
The information about the reach and the grasp is taken by the motor cortex M1 to control the hand and the arm. Top diagonal (lower) Object features are processed by AIP to extract grasp affordances; these are sent on to the canonical neurons of F5 that choose a particular grasp. Essential elements for the mirror system The third part of the figure provides components that can learn and apply key criteria for activating a mirror neuron, recognizing that (a) the preshape that the monkey is seeing corresponds to the grasp that the mirror neuron encodes; (b) the preshape that the observed hand is executing is appropriate to the object that the monkey can see (or remember); and (c) that the hand is moving on a trajectory that will bring it to grasp the object.
Action to Language via the Mirror Neuron System by Michael A. Arbib
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