By Kaarle Nordenstreng, Ulf Jonas Björk, Frank Beyersdorf, Svennik Høyer, Epp Lauk, Juan Somavia
This research offers a basic background of the way journalism as an rising career grew to become the world over geared up over the last 100 and 20 years, obvious as a rule in the course of the institutions based to advertise the pursuits of newshounds all over the world.
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Extra resources for A History of the International Movement of Journalists: Professionalism Versus Politics
This part of the text is partially based on the article: Høyer and Lauk (2003) ‘The Paradoxes of the Journalistic Profession. An Historical Perspective’. 2. The ambiguity of the idea of professionalism in journalism is aptly discussed by Silvio Waisbord Reinventing Professionalism (2013). 3. Barnhurst (2013) ‘The Rise of the Professional Communicator’, p. 465. 4. , p. 465. 5. ’; Elliot (1972) The Sociology of the Professions. 6. See for example Johnson ( 1979) Professions and Power. 7. ’.
Various ethical problems also arise in connection with online newsgathering methods, for example identifying as a journalist when joining online groups; protection of sources, when every bit of information can be ‘googled’78 , quoting email messages in the stories and so on. 79 How all these issues will be addressed in the ethical codes is yet to be seen. 80 The proposed code is strongly focused. 81 Alternative journalistic cultures Journalistic cultures, different from the Anglo–American culture, existed on the continent of Europe and developed differently due to historical circumstances, especially in Russia and the Soviet Union.
Frames and Contradictions of the Journalistic Profession 41 105. Vu (2014) ‘The Online Audience as Gatekeeper: The Inﬂuence of Reader Metrics on News Editorial Selection’, p. 1106. 106. Fulton and McIntyre (2012) ‘Journalists on Journalism’. 107. , p. 22. 108. , p. 23. 109. Fengler et al. (2014). 2 As a result of this revolution, stressed Albert Bataille and Paul Œker, journalism had become a profession and a career, ‘the job of thousands of brave people who lay no claim to genius but make a living from work that is honourable, regular, often painful, sometimes dangerous’.
A History of the International Movement of Journalists: Professionalism Versus Politics by Kaarle Nordenstreng, Ulf Jonas Björk, Frank Beyersdorf, Svennik Høyer, Epp Lauk, Juan Somavia
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