By Brian Hayden

ISBN-10: 077480405X

ISBN-13: 9780774804059

Early hunter/gatherer societies have generally been thought of primarily egalitarian in nature. This assumption, in spite of the fact that, has been challenged by way of modern archaeolgical and anthropological study, which has validated that a lot of those societies had complicated social, fiscal, and political buildings. This quantity considers British Columbia local groups - the Lillooet and Shuswap groups of Fountain and Pavilion - and strains their improvement to complicated societies. The authors discover the relation among source features and hunter/gatherer diversifications and think about using fish, animal, and plant species, documenting their availability and the concepts utilized in their accumulating, processing, and storing. The e-book additionally exhibits how cultural practices, equivalent to raiding, potlatching, and stewardship of assets, could be defined from a cultural ecological perspective. a huge contribution to the learn of looking and collecting cultures within the Canadian Northwest, this booklet is the main specific exam of the subsistence base of a selected looking and accumulating team up to now. Its exploration of the explanations why advanced looking and accumulating societies emerge, in addition to the ecological relationships among cultures and assets, might make a huge contribution to the research of cultural ecology and modern archaeology. a major contribution to the examine of searching and accumulating cultures within the Canadian Northwest, this e-book is the main specified exam of the subsistence base of a specific looking and amassing staff thus far. Its exploration of the explanations why advanced searching and amassing societies emerge, in addition to the ecological relationships among cultures and assets, will make an incredible contribution to the examine of cultural ecology and modern archaeology. "Brian Hayden is a professor within the division of Archaeology, Simon Fraser University.".

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Additional resources for A Complex Culture of the British Columbia Plateau: Traditional Stl'Atl'imx Resource Use

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Resources that are sparsely distributed require increased search times. At the extreme, more energy may be spent looking for very sparse resources than is obtained from their procurement. Patchiness is the degree of clumping together of resources, generally plant resources. Travelling to one large clump is easier and more efficient than making the rounds of several smaller clumps. , various berries). Absolute values for Introduction 19 such resource measures are difficult to obtain, but, once again, the present data provide good relative estimates of most of these parameters.

Because of the dominant role of salmon in the study area, 16 Brian Hayden TABLE 1 Resource variables of potential relevance for understanding social characteristics of generalized and complex hunter/gatherers Absolute abundance Diversity and evenness Density Patchiness Vulnerability to overexploitation Fluctuation over time: seasonal or short-term fluctuations (<3 yrs) long-term, more drastic fluctuations (10-100+ yrs) Travel time to procurement areas Procurement time Processing time Processing time constraints Processing labour requirements Caloric return Other dietary values Storage potential Labour required for long-term storage Potential duration of storage Potential scheduling conflicts for simultaneously exploiting two or more resources Technology available considerable care has been taken to examine their overall abundance (Chapter 4) as well as seasonal and yearly fluctuations (Chapters 4-6).

He has made many hunting and fishing trips throughout the area traditionally used by the Pavilion Band. He made many trips in the fifties and sixties with elders from the band, whom he actively questioned about traditional practices. He also wrote notes based on his discussions with them. As a younger brother of EO, he was too young to take part in family trips to Mission Ridge but did take an active role in hunting and fishing throughout the region and has maintained a deep interest in traditional resources through his life.

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